Using Figuratively Speaking

My daughter has not had much exposure to literary terms, so this year in 9th grade we are going to be working through the book Figuratively Speaking, which uses excerpts of many books, short stories, poems, and plays to show examples of different literary terms.  We will be going further and reading many of these works in their entirety to fulfill our literature requirement for the year.  Figuratively Speaking is broken up into 40 lessons, so I have made a list with links to the full works that correspond to each lesson.  We may not get to read all of these for each lesson, but I like having them all in one place to access.

Lesson 1: Denotation & Connotation
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 5-7
“Autumn Within” by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
“The Rainy Day” by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
“Something” by Hans Christian Andersen
“Home” by Edgar A. Guest

Lesson 2: Hyperbole
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 8-10
Tall Tales of Johnny Appleseed, Pecos Bill, Paul Bunyan
“The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County” by Mark Twain
Dave Barry column/article
A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court by Mark Twain
“Harrison Bergeron” by Kurt Vonnegut, Jr.

Lesson 3: Idiom
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 11-13
The Phantom Tollbooth by Norton Juster
“A Story Without an End” by Mark Twain

Lesson 4: Imagery
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 14-16
Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson
“The Night Before Christmas” by Clement Clarke Moore
“The Waste Land” by T.S. Eliot
“To Build A Fire” by Jack London
A Nature Poem

Lesson 5: Metaphor & Simile
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 17-19
“Taking Leave of A Friend” by Li Po
“Jazz Fantasia” by Carl Sandburg
“She Sweeps with Many-Colored Brooms” by Emily Dickinson
“A Forest Hymn” by William Cullen Bryant
“Song of the Sky Loom” (Tewa Indian poem)
“Winter Dreams” by F. Scott Fitzgerald
“The Willing Muse” by Willa Cather

Lesson 6: Oxymoron & Paradox
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 20-22
Animal Farm by George Orwell
“There is a Solitude of Space” by Emily Dickinson
“Death Be Not Proud” by John Donne
Hamlet by William Shakespeare
“A Good Man is Hard to Find” by Flannery O’Connor

Lesson 7: Personification
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 23-25
“The Mice in Council” by Aesop
The Velveteen Rabbit by Margery Williams
“The Cop and the Anthem” by O. Henry
Macbeth by William Shakespeare
“Young Goodman Brown” by Nathaniel Hawthorne
“The Grass so little has to do-” by Emily Dickinson
“The Open Boat” by Stephen Crane

Lesson 8: Symbol
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 26-28
“Mending Wall” by Robert Frost (and others like “Home Burial”, “The Road Not Taken”, “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening”)
“Dr. Heidegger’s Experiment” by Nathaniel Hawthorne
Beauty and the Beast
“The Scarlet Ibis” by James Hurst
Little Lord Fauntleroy by Frances Hodgson Burnett
“The Necklace” by Guy Mapassaunt
“All Summer in a Day” by Ray Bradury

Lesson 9: Alliteration
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 29-31
The Jungle Book by Rudyard Kipling
“The Ruin”
A Midsummer Night’s Dream by William Shakespeare
“The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe (also “The Bells”)
“The Wreck of the Hesperus” by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Alliteration Examples Resource

Lesson 10: Assonance and Consonance
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 32-34
“The Bells” by Edgar Allan Poe
“The Hayloft” by Robert Louis Stevenson
“I Saw in Louisiana a Live-Oak Growing” by Walt Whitman
“The Chambered Nautilus” by Oliver Wendell Holmes
“The Arsenal at Springfield” by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
“Concord Hymn” by Ralph Waldo Emerson
“Ode on the Confederate Dead” by Henry Timrod
“Beat! Beat! Drums” by Walt Whitman
“There is a Solitude of Space” by Emily Dickinson
“Hampton Beach” by John Greenleaf Whittier
“The First Snowfall” by James Russell Lowell
“The Marshes of Glynn” by Sidney Lanier
“The Outcast of Poker Flats” by Bret Harte
“War is Kind” by Stephen Crane
“Upon the Burning of Our House” by Anne Bradstreet
Preface to “God’s Determinations” by Edward Taylor
The Call of the Wild by Jack London

Lesson 11: Form
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 35-37
A selection of haiku poems by Matsuo Basho
Some of Adelaide Crapsey’s cinquains
Limerick samples by Edward Lear
“To Mistress Margaret Hussey” by John Skelton

Lesson 12: Onomatopoeia
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 38-40
“The Princess” by Alfred Lord Tennyson
“Lepanto” by G. K. Chesterton
“The Congo” by Vachel Lindsay
“Jazz Fantasia” by Carl Sandburg
“The Sound of the Sea” by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
“Canto First” by Percy Shelley

Lesson 13: Parallelism
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 41-43
“Hunting Song” traditional Native American poem
“Jabberwocky” by Lewis Carroll
“I Will Fight No More Forever” by Chief Joseph
Black Beauty by Anna Sewell

Lesson 14: Repetition and Refrain
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 44-46
“The Open Boat” by Stephen Crane
“Do Not Weep Maiden, for War is Kind” by Stephen Crane
“Good Night, Irene” folk song

Lesson 15: Rhyme
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 47-49
“The Duel” by Eugene Field
“The Blessed Damozel” by Dante Rossetti
“An Alphabet of Famous Goops” by Gelett Burgess

Lesson 16: Rhythm
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 50-52
“Thanatopsis” by William Cullen Bryant
“Sea Fever” by John Masefield
“Recessional” by Rudyard Kipling
“There Is No Frigate Like a Book” by Emily Dickinson
“Preludes” by T.S. Eliot
“Song of the Redwood Tree” by Walt Whitman

Lesson 17: Run-on and End-stopped Lines
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 53-55
“The Tide Rises, the Tide Falls” by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
“Lift Every Voice and Sing” by James Weldon Johnson

Lesson 18: Stanza
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 56-58
“Trees” by Joyce Kilmer
“Be Strong” by Maltbie Davenport Babcock
“My Kate” by Elizabeth Barrett Browning
“Ode to the West Wind” by Percy Shelley
Journey to the Centre of the Earth by Jules Verne

Lesson 19: Allusion
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 59-61
“The Man That Corrupted Hadleyburg” by Mark Twain
Pudd’nhead Wilson by Mark Twain

Lesson 20: Characters and Charaterization
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 62-64
“The Story of an Hour” by Kate Chopin
Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson
Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens

Lesson 21: Conflict
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 65-67
Hatchet by Gary Paulsen
“The Sniper” by Liam O’Flaherty

Lesson 22: Dialect
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 68-70
“A Red, Red Rose” by Robert Burns

Lesson 23: Dialogue
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 71-73
“At Last” by James Whitcomb Riley
“The Jockey” by Carson McCullers

Lesson 24: Flashback
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 74-76
“The Bet” by Anton Checkhov
“Paul’s Case” by Willa Cather

Lesson 25: Foreshadowing
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 77-79
“The Ugly Duckling” by Hans Christian Andersen
“The Birds” by Daphne du Maurier

Lesson 26: Genre
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 80-82
The excerpts in Figuratively Speaking will be sufficient.

Lesson 27: Irony
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 83-85
“The Most Dangerous Game” by Richard Connell
“The Gift of the Magi” by O. Henry
“The Remarkable Rocket” by Oscar Wilde
“The Cask of Amontillado” by Edgar Allan Poe
The Scarlet Pimpernel by Baroness Orczy

Lesson 28: Local Color
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 86-88
“The Country of the Pointed Firs” by Sarah Orne Jewett
A New England Nun and Other Stories by Mary Wilkins Freeman

Lesson 29: Mood and Tone
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 89-91
A Marriage Proposal by Anton Chekhov
“Rip Van Winkle” by Washington Irving
“The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” by Washington Irving
The Swiss Family Robinson by Johann D. Wyss
“The Tell-Tale Heart” by Edgar Allan Poe

Lesson 30: Moral and Theme
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 92-94
“The Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing” by Aesop
Little Women by Louisa May Alcott

Lesson 31: Narrator/Point of View
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 95-97
An Old Fashioned Girl by Louisa May Alcott

Lesson 32: Plot
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 98-100
“The Lady, or the Tiger?” by Frank Stockton
“The Most Dangerous Game” by Richard Connell

Lesson 33: Poetic License
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 101-103
“Mannahatta” by Walt Whitman

Lesson 34: Pun
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 104-106
“A Hymn to God the Father” by John Donne
The Importance of Being Earnest by Oscar Wilde

Lesson 35: Rhetorical Question
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 107-109
The excerpts in Figuratively Speaking will be sufficient.

Lesson 36: Satire, Parody, and Farce
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 110-112
“L’Art” by Ezra Pound
A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift

Lesson 37: Story Within a Story
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 113-115
“The Storyteller” by Saki
“The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County” by Mark Twain
“A Story Without an End” by Mark Twain

Lesson 38: Stream of Consciousness
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 116-118
“An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge” by Ambrose Bierce
“The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” by T.S. Eliot

Lesson 39: Surprise Ending
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 119-121
“Hearts and Hands” by O. Henry
“An Inhabitant of Carcosa” by Ambrose Bierce

Lesson 40: Suspense
Read: Figuratively Speaking pages 122-124
“The Monkey’s Paw” by W.W. Jacob
“Moxon’s Master” by Ambrose Bierce




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